The cold war is over and a new stage in international politics has been ushered in, I like to call this ‘the cool war’ era. It is understood that the cold war was an ideological war between capitalism and communism, which was said to have ended in 1991.
The Cold War period of 1985–1991 began with the rise of Mikhail Gorbachev as leader of the Soviet Union. Gorbachev was a revolutionary leader for the USSR, as he was the first to promote liberalization of the political landscape (Glasnost) and capitalist elements into the economy (Perestroika); prior to this, the USSR had been strictly prohibiting liberal reform and maintained an inefficient centralized economy. The USSR, facing massive economic difficulties, was also greatly interested in reducing the costly arms race with the U.S. President Ronald Reagan, although peaceful confrontation and arms buildups throughout much of his unit prevented the USSR from cutting back its military spending as much as it might have liked. Regardless, the USSR began to crumble as liberal reforms proved difficult to handle and capitalist changes to the centralized economy were badly transitioned and caused major problems. After a series of revolutions in Soviet Bloc states, and a failed coup by conservative elements opposed to the ongoing reforms, the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991 and the Cold War came to an end.
That’s a brief of the cold war. The truth is in 2017, the ideological war is not over, especially among the world powers. The two major world powers United States of America and Russia seem to still have different agendas, ideologically, militarily and in state management. As a matter of fact, the only time the United Nations Security Council have agreed on an issue was the attack on Saddam Hussein’s Iraq in 1991.
The major problem is every state is looking after her own interests now. The United States wants to also tell every state in the world the system of government to be operated, but as expected there are states in the world interestingly like North Korea that will not have that. The case of North Korea is mentioned because even when they are going through difficulty and strive, they prefer to go through this suffering that to listen to the United States.
One of the major reasons why the international system is still very chaotic is, the major powers in the system tell other states not to develop nuclear prowess because of world security. This will not be a bad idea if these same states are not the ones with the highest amount of nukes. The United States and Russia have the highest nuclear arsenal in the world.
We need to understand that as human relationships are complicated as are state relationships. Every human wants to have a sense of belonging, wants his voice to be heard, wants to be sovereign, these characteristics are characteristics that drive states also.
It’s the cool war era because there are still wars of ideology raging seriously, can anyone remember the last time the United States of America and North Korea agreed on an issue of International relevance, or Israel and Palestine, and these are just a few examples.
My conclusion is there is still an ideological war raging. The international system is more dangerous now than it was 25 years ago. States are even more vigilant now. They scrutinize everything and every statement made by other world leaders. Everyone is careful, no one dares to make a mistake because that mistake could just result in the third world war everyone does not want to happen.